Bone Graft in Dentistry and Why Do You Need One?

Bone Graft in Dentistry and Why Do You Need One?

A bone graft is an essential procedure for replacing the missing or a damaged bone in your jaw. A Dental Bone graft can be necessary for several reasons. They provide solutions for multiple problems. This blog will discuss in detail what is bone graft and why you’d need one.

What is Bone Grafting?

A bone graft is a surgical procedure that aims at fixing the problems of join and bones in your jaw.

Bone Graft is also known as a bone transplant as there is a transplantation of the bone tissue. It is beneficial for fixing bones that have been damaged due to trauma or joint problems. It is also useful for growing bone around an implanted device such as a total knee replacement surgery. Bone grafting surgery is for filling any area which lacks bone but needs it.

The bone used in the bone graft surgery can come from your own body or a donor, or it could be completely synthetic.

Types of Bone Graft

Bone Grafting Sugar Land, TX is usually of two types. Allograft and autograft.

  • Autograft: In this, the bone is taken from some part of your body and then transplanted to another part. It is the most prominent and most successful form of bone graft surgery. It reduces the risk of infection or disease transmission. Furthermore, transplanting your bone helps to heal the defect faster.
  • Allograft: In this bone is received from a donor, a deceased person or a family member. Allograft also has a huge success rate and the graft heals small defects by itself. However, in this case, there is a minimal chance of infection.

Other types include Xenograft, Allopast and growth factor.

How it is performed?

At first, the dentist will perform or ask for a complete medical check-up before the surgery. You will be asked about any medical problems you have and the medications or supplements you are taking.

You’ll be required to fast for a day before the surgery, to prevent complications while you are under anesthesia.

Your bone grafting dentist will first decide which type of bone graft surgery you need. Then you’ll be given general anesthesia.

The dentist will then make an incision in the skin above where the bone graft is needed. Then the bone (donated or synthetic) will be shaped to fit the area. The graft will then be placed using tools such as pins, plates, screws, wires, cables etcetera.

Once the graft is placed properly and secured, the bone grafting dentist will close the incision cut with stitch and will then bandage the wound.

Bone graft in dentistry

A bone graft is used to correct bone deterioration in your jaw. Here listed are some reasons why you’ll need a bone graft surgery.

  • Dental Implant: The prime reason for getting a bone graft surgery is to stabilize the dental implants. When we lose a tooth, be it because of extraction or any other reason, around 25% of the bone is reduced within the first year of extraction. In case it is left unattended for a prolonged period, there won’t be enough surrounding jawbone to support the implant. This is because when a bone is lost, it cannot be recovered unless it is done by bone graft surgery.
  • Periodontal disease: Periodontal disease can also cause the bone to deteriorate which can cause the teeth to fall out. The bacteria can slowly eat away the bone tissues and periodontal ligament. These diseases can also affect the surrounding teeth and lead to future complications.
  • Dental trauma and others: dental trauma, persistence grinding of teeth or teeth clenching can create pressure on the bone supporting the tooth. This constant pressure can even cause cracked or fractured teeth. In such cases the bone does not heal quickly, hence might need bone grafting.
  • Large Sinus cavity: a large sinus cavity of bone loss in the sinus area requires Sinus Bone Graft. This is required when you face bone loss in the molar or pre-molar region and might require dental implants.

Bone loss can be caused due to several factors. A bone graft is one of the most successful ways of rebuilding that bone. My Smyle cosmetic dentistry is has been an expert in performing Bone Grafting Sugar Land, TX. If you have any further queries regarding bone grafting or its procedure, contact them. They will lead you through the whole procedure and make your treatment as comfortable as possible.